Components of Physical Fitness

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5 Components of physical fitness

Physical fitness is that the ability to function effectively throughout your workday, perform your usual other activities and still have enough energy left over to handle any extra stresses or emergencies which can arise.

The components of fitness are:

* Cardiorespiratory (CR) endurance – The efficiency with which the body delivers oxygen and nutrients needed for muscular activity and transports waste products from the cells.

* Muscular strength – The best amount of force a muscle or muscle group can exert during a single effort.

* Muscular endurance – The power of a muscle or muscle group to perform repeated with a sub-maximal force for extended periods of your time movements.

* Flexibility – The power to maneuver the joints or group of joints through a whole, normal range of motion.

* Body composition – The share of body fat you’ve got in reference to their total body mass.

Improving the primary three elements of the above condition will have a positive impact on body composition and can end in less fat. Excessive body fat faraway from the opposite fitness components, reduces performance, affect the looks, and negatively affects your health.

Factors like speed, agility, muscle strength, hand-eye coordination and eye-foot coordination are classified as components of the condition “engine”. The foremost affect his athletic ability factors. Appropriate training can improve these factors within the bounds of their potential. A wise weight loss and fitness program seeks to enhance or maintain all the components of fitness and motor through sound, progressive and specific physical training mission.

Principles of exercise

Adherence to certain basic principles of exercise is vital for developing an efficient program. An equivalent principles of exercise apply to everyone in the least fitness levels, from the Olympic-caliber athlete to the weekend jogger.

These basic principles of exercise must be followed.


To obtain a training effect, you want to exercise often. Must have each of the primary four components of fitness a minimum of 3 times every week. Exercise can often do more harm than good. Consistency is additionally important in resting, sleeping, and following a correct diet.


The intensity (strength) and / or duration (how long) of exercise must gradually increase to enhance the extent of fitness.


To be effective, a program should include activities that address all aspects of fitness, since overemphasize one among them can hurt others.


Provide a spread of activities reduces boredom and increases motivation and progress.


Training must be geared toward specific goals. For instance, people become better runners if their training emphasizes running. Although swimming is great exercise, it doesn’t improve after two kilometer long as a program is running.


A day of coaching for a given component of fitness should be followed by a training day easier or more days off for components and / or muscle group (s) to assist permit recovery. Differently to permit recovery is to alternate the muscle groups exercised every other day, especially when training for strength and / or muscular endurance.


The work load of every exercise session must exceed the traditional demands placed on the body so as to cause a training effect.

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